Suicide Statistics in the UK – 2016 Reports from “The Samaritans and The Office for National Statistics”

Suicide Statistics in the UK – 2016 Reports from “The Samaritans and The Office for National Statistics”
To: All Branches
Dear Colleagues,
According to the Office for National Statistics and the Samaritans Charity, the shocking suicide statistics for last year show a further increase on previous years and that there are around 6,500 suicides a year in the UK and the recently published reports show that the UK rate for suicides is around 11 people per 100,000 population which includes all age and gender groups with the highest age and gender category being men aged between 45 and 59 at 26.5 deaths per 100,000 population.
In order to understand and prevent suicide, it is very important that suicide data is as accurate and as comprehensive as possible. Samaritans’ Suicide Statistics Report 2016 provides details of the national suicide rates for the United Kingdom (UK) and Republic of Ireland (ROI). There is also additional information about how to understand and interpret suicide statistics, because it’s not always as straight forward as looking at the actual numbers. 
“Suicide is complex. It usually occurs gradually, progressing from suicidal thoughts, to planning, to attempting suicide and finally dying by suicide”. Source: International Association for Suicide Prevention
Key trends from the Samaritans Suicide Statistics Report 2016
There were 6,581 suicides in the UK and Republic of Ireland, in 2014.

In 2014, 6,122 suicides were registered in the UK. This corresponds to a suicide rate of 10.8 per 100,000 people (16.8 per 100,000 for men and 5.2 per 100,000 for women).

The highest suicide rate in the UK in 2014 was for men aged 45-49 at 26.5 per 100,000.

The male suicide rate decreased in the UK (by 5.6%), England (by less than 1%), Wales (by 37.6%), Scotland (by 17.6%), Northern Ireland (by 10.2%) and Republic of Ireland (by 6.4%) between 2013 and 2014.

Female suicide rates increased in the UK (by 8.3%), England (by 14%), Scotland (by 7.8%) and Republic of Ireland (by 14.7%) between 2013 and 2014. Female suicide rates decreased in Wales (by 38.2%) and Northern Ireland (by 17.7%).

The female suicide rate in England is at its highest since 2005.

The female suicide rate in the UK is at its highest since 2011.

How Samaritans’ Suicide Statistics Report is created 
To produce the report, The Samaritans collate the figures from all of the national statistical agencies, who they work closely with to help them understand and compare the rates between the nations. 
The report also gives details about how the recording, definitions and calculations of rates differ within the UK and ROI. It does not provide explanations for the trends in suicide rates within or between nations. It also provides important information about how to appropriately use suicide statistics and what some of the challenges with them are. 
See attached the Full Samaritans Suicide Statistics Facts and Figures Report 
How the Samaritans can help 
People can talk to the Samaritans anytime they like, in their own way, and off the record – about whatever’s getting to them. They don’t have to be suicidal. 
If people have any concerns about their service before they try it, hear from others about how they’ve helped them. Please don’t suffer alone. 
The Samaritans know a lot about what can help people through tough times. They can help people explore their options, understand their problems better, or just be there to listen. 
Find out how to get in touch with the Samaritans and what to expect from their service. 
It doesn’t matter who people are, how they feel, or what has happened. If people feel that things are getting to them, they can get in touch with the Samaritans. 
People can find out more including reasons to contact the Samaritans, what to do if they are feeling suicidal, or if they are worried about someone else.
Samaritans Contact Details: 
Samaritans Central Office 
Central Office telephone: +44 (0)20 8394 8300 

Central Office email: 

Central Office postal address: The Upper Mill, Kingston Road, Ewell, Surrey KT17 2AF 
Samaritans National 24 hour Helpline 
In September 2015, the Samaritans launched a new UK helpline number, 116 123, which is free to call from within the UK and Ireland. The new number replaces our old UK helpline number, 08457 90 90 90. 
Samaritans Local Branches 
The Samaritans have local branches all over the UK and the organisation is happy and willing to provide speakers for CWU Branches, Regions and Regional Health & Safety Forum Meetings as well as discussing the establishment of contacts and links with CWU representatives. To find a local branch in your area, please either telephone the Samaritans HQ, email or visit the Samaritans website: 
UK Office for National Statistics 
A copy of the 2015 Statistical Bulletin Report on Suicide in the UK is attached. 
Mental Health First Aid 
The Health, Safety & Environment Department has worked with a number of branches and CWU regions to help organise and encourage CWU reps to attend the two-day “Mental Health First Aid” training courses and these courses have been successfully organised in a number of CWU branches, areas and regions. We would like to see more CWU representatives undergoing these training courses in order to recognise and assist members in distress. Course are organised regularly across the UK by Mental Health First Aid (England and Scotland) as well as by a number of mental health charities, training organisations, local authorities, regional TUCs and others delivered by licensed and accredited trainers. The Health, Safety & Environment Department would encourage and recommend that enquiries are made locally to establish availability and seek volunteers from amongst representatives to attend these training courses. The Health, Safety & Environment Department is available to assist wherever required. See attached summary information about the Mental Health First Aid 2-day training course content. 
Mental Health, Stress, Depression and Anxiety are at epidemic levels in the UK and the Suicide rates are a big concern. The CWU will continue to call for better support for people experiencing mental health problems to help prevent suicides and enable people to lead full and fulfilling lives with manageable conditions. However lack of support means many people are growing increasingly desperate. It needs to be made easier for people to find help without shame or stigma at work as well as at home and in the community. We also need to raise awareness generally to ensure those in distress are recognised and signposted to get professional help and support before it’s too late. 
Samaritans Suicide Report 2016

ONS Suicides in the UK 2015

Mental Health First Aid Training Course Details

Yours sincerely
Dave Joyce

National Health, Safety & Environment Officer
Email Attachments – Click to download
Attachment 1 – LTB173/17 Suicide Statistics in the UK – 2016 Reports from “The Samaritans and The Office for National Statistics”

Attachment 2 – Samaritans Suicide Report 2016

Attachment 3 – ONS Suicides in the UK 2015 registrations

Attachment 4 – Mental Health First Aid Training Course


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